17Beta-estradiol antagonizes effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on interleukin-6 production and osteoclast-like cell formation in mouse bone marrow primary cultures

Schiller,C.; Gruber,R.; Redlich,K.; Ho,G.M.; Katzgraber,F.; Willheim,M.; Pietschmann,P.; Peterlik,M.
In mouse bone marrow primary cultures, the formation of osteoclast-like, i.e. tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)- and calcitonin receptor-positive multinucleated cells (MNC), when induced by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3), can be suppressed by 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E2), whereas 17alpha-E2 is without any effect. 17beta-E2, above 10(-11) M, significantly reduced 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-mediated TRAP+ MNC formation in cultured bone marrow cells from both female and male mice. The estrogen at 10(-8) M suppressed the peak response to the vitamin D sterol by 50%. 17beta-E2 significantly suppressed basal and 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-stimulated cellular production of interleukin (IL)-6. IL-6 alone, although bone marrow cells in hormone-free culture produced appreciable amounts of the cytokine, did not induce any TRAP+ MNC. Therefore, the changes in IL-6 production induced by the hormones could not be the sole determinant for the extent of TRAP+ MNC formation. However, the stimulatory effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 on osteoclastogenesis nevertheless can be significantly reduced by a neutralizing monoclonal anti-IL-6 antibody. In the presence of 10(-8) M 17beta-E2, the anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody does not achieve any further suppression of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3-related osteoclast-like cell formation. Our data suggest that induction of osteoclastogenesis by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 is partially dependent on IL-6 signaling and can be modulated by 17beta-E2 through interference with IL-6 receptor activation, in addition to inhibition of IL-6 production by marrow stromal cells
Endocrinology 1997 138(11):4567-4571
Tags: 98006402; acid; Acid Phosphatase; ACTIVATION; animal; Antibodies,Monoclonal; biosynthesis; Bone Marrow Cells; Calcitriol; cell; Cell Division; Cell Nucleus; Cells,Cultured; cytology; drug effects; Estradiol; female; immunology; Interleukin-6; Isoenzymes; male; metabolism; Mice; Osteoclasts; pathology; pharmacology; Receptors,Calcitonin; ultrastructure
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