Interaction of triiodothyronine with 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on interleukin-6-dependent osteoclast-like cell formation in mouse bone marrow cell cultures

Schiller,C.; Gruber,R.; Ho,G.M.; Redlich,K.; Gober,H.J.; Katzgraber,F.; Willheim,M.; Hoffmann,O.; Pietschmann,P.; Peterlik,M.
In mouse bone marrow cultures, the formation of osteoclast-like, that is, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive (TRAP+) and calcitonin (CT) receptor-positive multinucleated cells (MNCs), induced by 10(-10) to 10(-8) mol/L 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3], could be augmented by triiodothyronine (T3), which alone had no effect on osteoclast-like cell formation. The permissive effect of T3 increased the response to 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 by approximately one order of magnitude. Linear concentration dependence was observed between 10(-11) and 10(-8) mol/L T3. Importantly, inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis by indomethacin significantly impeded osteoclast-like cell formation by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 and abrogated the effect of T3 thereon. Basal interleukin-6 (IL-6) production by cultured marrow cells was significantly stimulated by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. However, even at an exceedingly high concentration of 20 ng/mL, IL-6 was ineffective in inducing osteoclast-like cell formation. Therefore, any hormonally induced rise in IL-6 release from bone marrow cells could not account for the observed changes in TRAP+ MNC numbers. Nevertheless, the stimulatory effect of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 on osteoclastogenesis was partially dependent on IL-6 because it could be significantly blocked by a neutralizing monoclonal anti-IL-6 antibody, and to the same extent by a monoclonal anti-IL-6 receptor antibody. Unimpaired signaling through the IL-6/IL-6R system is also a prerequisite for the auxiliary effect of T3 on induction of osteoclast-like cells by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. Our data provide evidence that 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 induces osteoclast-like cell formation, at least in part, in an IL-6-dependent mode of action, which is also subject to modulation by T3. The mechanism of interaction of the two hormones apparently involves joint stimulation of prostaglandin synthesis
Bone 1998 22(4):341-346
Tags: 98215420; acid; Acid Phosphatase; animal; Antibodies,Monoclonal; biosynthesis; Bone Marrow Cells; Calcitriol; cell; Cells,Cultured; cytology; Dose-Response Relationship,Drug; drug effects; Drug Synergism; Giant Cells; Hematopoiesis; Immunohistochemistry; immunology; Interleukin-6; Isoenzymes; metabolism; Mice; Mice,Inbred BALB C; Osteoclasts; pathology; pharmacology; Prostaglandins; Receptors,Calcitonin; Triiodothyronine
Home » Research » Publications » Detail