SIDS prevention program in Tyrol

Sperl,W.; Kiechl-Kohlendorfer,U.; Pupp,U.; Haberlandt,E.; Skladal,D.; Brunner,M.; Mangold,B.; Kiechl,S.; Rabl,W.; Oberaigner,W.
In April 1994, an intervention campaign to reduce the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was established in the Tyrol. The campaign was intended to increase knowledge concerning risk factors for SIDS in the general community and to improve individual care for infants at risk. In contrast to interventional programmes in other federal states of Austria (i.e. Vorarlberg, Styria), this programme did not utilise polysomnography for identifying infants at risk. A part of the intervention programme was the "Styrian risk questionnaire", a standardised questionnaire concerning risk factors for SIDS. Individual instructions for health care of children at risk (risk score > or = 7) were provided and, if necessary, subscription of home monitoring was performed at the out-patient department (SIDS out-patient service) of the Department of Paediatrics in Innsbruck and other paediatric departments throughout the Tyrol. The educational programme also included information concerning basic life support. Psychological support was offered to parents of SIDS infants. Risk factors for SIDS in the Tyrol before the campaign were assessed in a retrospective case-control study (time period 1984-1994; 99 SIDS infants, 136 controls). The risk of SIDS was markedly reduced when parents had detailed knowledge of the risk factors of SIDS (odds ratio (OR) 0.03; p < 0.001), which emphasises the importance of information and educational programmes. The incidence of SIDS declined after the beginning of the intervention campaign from 1.83/1000 live births (average incidence from 1984-1994) to 0.4/1000 live births and remained at this level thereafter. Post-neonatal mortality also declined from 3.9 to 1.3/1000 live births. The prevalence of the prone sleeping position declined immediately after the campaign (53.7% vs. 5.4%, p < 0.001), as did the frequency of maternal smoking during pregnancy (22.9% vs. 14.5%, p < 0.01). Breast feeding became more popular. In all, the low-cost intervention programme in the Tyrol proved to be highly efficient in reducing the risk of SIDS and in maintaining this effect for several years
Wien.Klin.Wochenschr.2000.Mar.10.;112.(5.):209.-15. 2000 112(5):209-215
Tags: 20226743; adult; Austria; epidemiology; female; Health Education; human; Incidence; Infant; Infant Care; Infant Mortality; Infant,Newborn; male; methods; Monitoring,Ambulatory; mortality; organization & administration; Pregnancy; Prenatal Care; Prevalence; prevention & control; Regional Medical Programs; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; statistics & numerical data; Sudden Infant Death; Syndrome
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