GEDNAP IV and V. The 4th and 5th Stain Blind Trials using DNA technology

Wiegand,P.; Ambach,E.; Augustin,C.; Bratzke,H.; Cremer,U.; Edelmann,J.; Eriksen,B.; Germann,U.; Haas,H.; Henke,L.
In the collaborative exercise GEDNAP IV one EDTA blood sample (2 ml) and 5 bloodstains (0.5 ml on cotton) were investigated and in GEDNAP V, a total of 8 bloodstains (0.5 ml on cotton), including 2 mixed bloodstains. DNA typing was carried out using the RFLP systems YNH24/Hinf I and MS43a/Hinf I and the PCR systems HLA DQ alpha, D1S80, ApoB and YNZ22. In both exercises approximately 20 laboratories obtained results using the RFLP systems. Of the PCR systems, D1S80 was the most commonly used (14 labs in GEDNAP IV; 18 labs in GEDNAP V). The interlaboratory standard deviation for YNH24 in both exercises was approx. 0.6%, for MS43a 0.7-2.2% (GEDNAP IV) and 0.4-1.4% (GEDNAP V), depending on the fragment size. The fragment size calculation performed in each laboratory yielded a standard deviation twice that obtained when the fragment size calculation was performed centrally (IfR, Munster). In GEDNAP III, a system-specific corridor was developed to define the limits of deviation; this was modified for the present study by combining the fragment size ranges of YNH24 and MS43a. In both studies a subgroup of laboratories was involved in preliminary exercises using three PCR VNTRs and the system HLA DQ alpha. Owing to the substantial variation in experience of the participating laboratories with PCR typing the results obtained in these two studies do not fulfil the basic quality criteria of the GEDNAP studies
Int J Legal Med 1995 108(2):79-84
Tags: 96122099; Apolipoproteins B; blood; Blood Stains; DNA; DNA Fingerprinting; DNA Probes; Electrophoresis; exercise; genetics; Germany; HLA-DQ Antigens; human; laboratories; methods; Minisatellite Repeats; PCR; polymerase chain reaction; Polymorphism,Restriction Fragment Length; Reference Standards; reproducibility of results; sequence analysis; Single-Blind Method; standards
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