Characterization of synthetic nucleic acids by electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry

Oberacher,H.; Niederstätter,H.; Parson,W.
The potential of electrospray ionization quadrupole-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-QqTOF-MS) for the characterization of synthetic nucleic acids was evaluated. Oligonucleotides ranging in size from 12 up to 51 nucleotides were analyzed via direct infusion MS as well as via liquid chromatography (LC) online hyphenated to MS. These experiments proved the outstanding mass spectrometric performance of the TOF mass analyzer in regard of accuracy, reproducibility, resolution, and sensitivity. During a 1-min run, the monoisotopic mass of (dT)(24) was measured with a maximum relative mass deviation of 7.64 ppm proving the high mass accuracy of the TOF analyzer. Over a period of 1 h, mean deviations were determined in the range between -3.58 ppm and 3.06 ppm demonstrating the high stability of the applied external calibration. The molecular mass of a 51-mer was measured with a deviation smaller than 3.23 ppm from the theoretical value. The resolution exceeded a value of m/Deltam = 20 000 (m is the measured mass and Deltam the full peak width at half-maximum), which enabled the separation of the isotopic peaks of all investigated oligonucleotides. Because of the outstanding transmission and detection efficiency of the TOF mass analyzer, detection limits in the amol/microl to low fmol/microl range were reached. The usability of LC-ESI-QqTOF-MS for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of synthetic oligonucleotide mixtures was demonstrated
J.Mass Spectrom. 2005 40(7):932-945
Tags: Acetonitriles; acid; Austria; Base Sequence; Calibration; chemical synthesis; chemistry; Chromatography,High Pressure Liquid; mixtures; molecular sequence data; Nucleic Acids; NUCLEIC-ACIDS; Oligonucleotides; Quality Control; Sensitivity and Specificity; Spectrometry,Mass,Electrospray Ionization
PubMed: 15918177
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