Analysis of polymerase chain reaction products by on-line liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for genotyping of polymorphic short tandem repeat loci

Oberacher,H.; Parson,W.; Mühlmann,R.; Huber,C.G.
Capillary ion-pair reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (IP-RP-HPLC) was used to separate and purify DNA fragments amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) prior to their characterization by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The investigation by ESI-MS of single- or double stranded species could be effortlessly selected by chromatography of the nucleic acids under either nondenaturing or denaturing conditions, which were realized by proper adjustment of the column temperature. ESI-MS detection sensitivity was improved by a factor of 10 upon replacement of 25 mM triethylammonium bicarbonate as ion-pair reagent by 25 mM butyldimethylammonium bicarbonate because of the applicability of higher acetonitrile concentrations to elute the DNA from the monolithic, poly(styrene/divinylbenzene)-based capillary columns. For fragments ranging in size from 67 to 84 base pairs, the mass accuracies and mass reproducibilities were typically better than 0.02 and 0.008%, respectively, which enabled the characterization and identification of the PCR products with high confidence. The hyphenated method was applied to the genotyping of polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) loci from the human tyrosine hydroxylase gene (humTH01). The different alleles both in homo- and heterozygotes were identified on the basis of the masses of the single-stranded amplicons and were in full accordance with the alleles identified by conventional capillary electrophoretic sizing
Anal.Chem. 2001 73(21):5109-5115
Tags: alleles; Austria; chemistry; Chromatography,Liquid; comparative study; DNA; DNA,Single-Stranded; Electrophoresis,Capillary; Genetic Markers; genetics; genotype; human; Indicators and Reagents; Ions; methods; polymerase chain reaction; Polymorphism (Genetics); Sensitivity and Specificity; Spectrometry,Mass,Electrospray Ionization; standards; tandem repeat sequences; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
PubMed: 11721907
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