Evaluation of an extended set of 15 candidate STR loci for paternity and kinship analysis in an Austrian population sample

Grubwieser,P.; Zimmermann,B.; Niederstätter,H.; Pavlic,M.; Steinlechner,M.; Parson,W.
We investigated 15 polymorphic short tandem repeat (STR) loci (D1S1656, D7S1517, D8S306, D8S639, D9S304, D10S2325, D11S488, D12S391, D14S608, D16S3253, D17S976, D18S1270, D19S253, D20S161, and D21S1437) which are not included in the standard sets of forensic loci. The markers were selected according to the complexity of the polymorphic region: Of the 15 investigated loci, 7 loci showed a simple repeat structure (D9S304, D10S2325, D14S608, D16S3253, D18S1270, D19S253, and D21S1437), 3 loci (D7S1517, D12S391, and D20S161) consisted of compound repeat units, and 5 loci (D1S1656, D8S306, D8S639, D11S488, and D17S976) showed a more complex polymorphic region partly including different repeat blocks and incomplete repeat units, which resulted in a relatively high proportion of intermediate alleles. A population study on a sample of 270 unrelated persons from Austria was carried out. We did not observe significant deviations from Hardy-Weinberg expectations. The combined probability of exclusion for the 15 loci was 0.99999998. In combination with the conventional set of STR markers included in commercially available kits (no linkage was observed between these 15 loci and the Powerplex 16 System loci), these markers are approved as highly discriminating forensic tools, also suitable for the analysis of difficult paternity and kinship constellations
Int J Legal Med 2007 121(2):85-89
Tags: alleles; Austria; forensic; loci; markers; Paternity; population; population study; Probability; short tandem repeat; STR; STR MARKERS; system; TANDEM REPEAT
PubMed: 16642351
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