Migration of two different cementless hip arthroplasty stems in combination with two different heads: a biomechanical in vitro study

Klestil,T.; Morlock,M.M.; Schwieger,K.; Sellenschloh,K.; Curda,B.; Biedermann,R.; Hennerbichler,A.; Schmoelz,W.; Rabl,W.; Blauth,M.
The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate migrational characteristics of cementless primary hip arthroplasty stems in combination with a diameter 50 mm head (hemiarthroplasty) and a diameter 28 mm head in and with a polyethylene cup (total hip arthroplasty) in fresh-frozen human specimens. Two different types (Endo SL, FMT) were implanted into seven pairs of fresh-frozen human femoral specimens. The implanted stems were combined with a diameter 50 mm head (hemiarthroplasty) on one side and with a polyethylene cup and a 28 mm head (total hip arthroplasty) on the other side. Dynamic mechanical loading was applied for 50,000 cycles while recording relative motions between stem and bone stock using a 3-D motion analysis system. The Endo SL stem showed a significantly higher amplitude of relative motion in all translational and rotational components regardless of the head used. In both stem types a strong tendency for higher axial migration with the diameter 50 mm head in comparison to the THA head was found. The lowest axial migration was found in the FMTstem in combination with the small head and a PE cup. The highest axial migration was found in the Endo SL stem combined with the diameter 50 mm head. Our results indicate that the head might play an important role for axial migration of cementless stems
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2006 126(6):387-389
Tags: in vitro
Home » Research » Publications » Detail