Evaluating sequence-derived mtDNA length heteroplasmy by amplicon size analysis

Berger,C.; Hatzer-Grubwieser,P.; Hohoff,C.; Parson,W.
Length heteroplasmy (LH) in mitochondrial (mt)DNA is usually observed in homopolymeric tracts and manifest as mixture of various length variants. The generally used difference-coded annotation to report mtDNA haplotypes does not express the degree of LH variation present in a sample, even more so, it is sometimes difficult to establish which length variants are present and clearly distinguishable from background noise. It has therefore become routine practice for some researchers to call the dominant type, the "major molecule", which represents the LH variant that is most abundant in a DNA extract. In the majority of cases a clear single dominant variant can be identified. However, in some samples this interpretation is difficult, i.e. when (almost) equally quantitative LH variants are present or when multiple sequencing primers result in the presentation of different dominant types. To better understand those cases we designed amplicon sizing assays for the five most relevant LH regions in the mtDNA control region (around ntps 16,189, 310, 460, 573, and the AC-repeat between 514 and 524) to determine the ratio of the LH variants by fluorescence based amplicon sizing assays. For difficult LH constellations derived by Sanger sequencing (with Big Dye terminators) these assays mostly gave clear and unambiguous results. In the vast majority of cases we found agreement between the results of the sequence and amplicon analyses and propose this alternative method in difficult cases
Forensic Sci.Int Genet. 2011 5(2):142-145
Tags: analysis; Animals; Austria; control region; DNA; DNA,Mitochondrial; EMPOP; FLUORESCENCE; Genetic Variation; genetics; haplotypes; heteroplasmy; Humans; methods; molecular sequence data; mtDNA; MTDNA CONTROL REGION; polymerase chain reaction; PRIMERS; RATIO; sequence; Sequence Analysis,DNA; SINGLE; Species Specificity; VARIANTS
PubMed: 21067985
Home » Research » Publications » Detail