Mass spectrometric base composition profiling: Implications for forensic mtDNA databasing

Eduardoff,M.; Huber,G.; Bayer,B.; Schmid,D.; Anslinger,K.; Gobel,T.; Zimmermann,B.; Schneider,P.M.; Röck,A.W.; Parson,W.
In forensic genetics mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is usually analyzed by direct Sanger-type sequencing (STS). This method is known to be laborious and sometimes prone to human error. Alternative methods have been proposed that lead to faster results. Among these are methods that involve mass-spectrometry resulting in base composition profiles that are, by definition, less informative than the full nucleotide sequence. Here, we applied a highly automated electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) system (PLEX-ID) to an mtDNA population study to compare its performance with respect to throughput and concordance to STS. We found that the loss of information power was relatively low compared to the gain in speed and analytical standardization. The detection of point and length heteroplasmy turned out to be roughly comparable between the technologies with some individual differences related to the processes. We confirm that ESI-MS provides a valuable platform for analyzing mtDNA variation that can also be applied in the forensic context
Forensic Sci Int Genet 2013 7(6):587-592
Tags: Austria; DNA; electrospray ionization; electrospray ionization mass spectrometry; forensic; Forensic Genetics; FORENSIC-GENETICS; genetics; heteroplasmy; human; mass spectrometry; methods; mitochondrial DNA; mtDNA; nucleotide; PERFORMANCE; population; population study; sequence; system
PubMed: 24054029
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