Recurrent liver failure with severe rhabdomyolysis after liver transplantation for carbon tetrachloride intoxication

Nehoda,H.; Wieser,C.; Koller,J.; Konigsrainer,A.; Battista,H.J.; Vogel,W.; Margreiter,R.
Acute liver failure due to intoxication is a rare indication for liver transplantation which a usually has a good prognosis. We herein report the case of a young male, who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for acute liver failure due to carbon tetrachloride intoxication. Apart from hepatic and renal failure, the patient also developed severe rhabdomyolysis, which has not thus far been described as a toxic effect of this chemical agent. Despite forced hyperventilation, which is known to be the most effective means of eliminating the specifically lipophylic agent, as well as excessive plasma exchange following intravenous administration of fat emulsions, liver failure recurred when blood carbon tetrachloride concentrations were already at non-toxic levels. Retransplantation of the liver together with a kidney was only temporarily successful, since the patient died due to aspergillus sepsis. Based on this experience, we would recommend that whenever possible in patients with carbon tetrachloride intoxication, liver transplant should be delayed until most of the toxic agent has been eliminated in order to prevent fatal graft damage
Hepatogastroenterology. 1998 45(19):191-195
Tags: 98157596; adult; blood; Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning; case report; chemically induced; complications; human; KIDNEY; Kidney Failure,Acute; Liver; Liver Failure,Acute; Liver Transplantation; male; Recurrence; Reoperation; Rhabdomyolysis; surgery; transplantation
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